Below are publications that have come from the Hovel lab at SDSU, dating back to 2004 when Hovel lab students began publishing papers from their graduate and undergraduate research. Publications in this list that include many authors are primarily products of our lab’s participation in the Zostera Experimental Network, a worldwide collaboration of researchers studying the ecology of eelgrass (Zostera marina) habitat. Student authors are denoted with an asterisk.

To get a good idea of the kind of projects completed by students in the Hovel Marine Conservation Ecology Lab, see publications in this list that begin with $, which came from SDSU graduate or undergraduate student projects.

Duffy, J.E.,  John J Stachowicz, Pamela L Reynolds, Kevin A Hovel, Marlene Jahnke, Erik E Sotka, Christoffer Boström, Katharyn E Boyer, Mathieu Cusson, Johan Eklöf, Aschwin H Engelen, Britas Klemens Eriksson, F Joel Fodrie, John N Griffin, Clara M Hereu, Masakazu Hori, A Randall Hughes, Mikhail V Ivanov, Pablo Jorgensen, Claudia Kruschel, Kun-Seop Lee, Jonathan S Lefcheck, Per-Olav Moksnes, Masahiro Nakaoka, Mary I O’Connor, Nessa E O’Connor, Robert J Orth, Bradley J Peterson, Henning Reiss, Katrin Reiss, J Paul Richardson, Francesca Rossi, Jennifer L Ruesink, Stewart T Schultz, Jonas Thormar, Fiona Tomas, Richard Unsworth, Erin Voigt, Matthew A Whalen, Shelby L Ziegler, Jeanine L Olsen 2022. A Pleistocene legacy structures variation in modern seagrass ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119: e2121425119

*Beatty, D.S., L.R. Aoki, B. Rappazzo, *C. Bergman, L.K. Domke, J.E. Duffy, K. Dubois, G.L. Eckert, C. Gomes, O. Graham, L. Harper, D. Harvell, T.L. Hawthorne, M. Hessing-Lewis, K.A. Hovel, Z.L. Monteith, R.S. Mueller, A.M. Olson, C. Prentice, F. Tomas, B. Yang, and J.J. Stachowicz. 2022. Predictable changes in eelgrass microbiomes with increasing wasting disease prevalence across 23º latitude in the Northeastern Pacific. mSystems 7:

*Gross, C., J.E. Duffy, K.A. Hovel, M. Kardish, P. Reynolds, C. Boström, K. Boyer, M. Cusson, J. Eklöf, A. Engelen, K. Eriksson, J. Fodrie, J. Griffin, C. Hereu, M.Hori, A.R. Hughes, M. Ivanov, P. Jorgensen, C. Kruschel, K.S. Lee, J. Lefcheck, K. McGlathery , P.O. Moksnes, M. Nakaoka, M. O’Connor, N. O’Connor, J. Olsen, R.J. Orth, B. Peterson, H. Reiss, F. Rossi, J. Ruesink, E. Sotka, J. Thormar, F. Tomas, R. Unsworth, E. Voigt, M. Whalen, S. Ziegler, and J.J. Stachowicz. 2022. The biogeography of community assembly: latitude and predation drive variation in community trait distribution in a guild of epifaunal crustaceans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 289: 20211762.

Aoki, L.R., B. Rappazzo, *D.S. Beatty, L.K. Domke ,G.L. Eckert, M.E. Eisenlord, O. Graham, L. Harper, T.L. Hawthorne , M. Hessing-Lewis, K.A. Hovel, Z.L. Monteith, R.S. Mueller, A.M. Olson, C. Prentice, J.J. Stachowicz, F. Tomas, B. Yang, J.E. Duffy, C. Gomes, and D. Harvell. 2022. Disease surveillance by artificial intelligence links eelgrass wasting disease to ocean warming across latitudes. Limnology and Oceanography.

Hovel, K.A., J.E. Duffy, J.J. Stachowicz, P. Reynolds, C. Boström, K. Boyer, S. Cimon, M. Cusson, F.J. Fodrie, K. Gagnon, C.M. Hereu, M. Hori, P. Jorgensen, C. Kruschel, K. Lee, M. Nakaoka, N.E. O’Connor, F. Rossi, J. Ruesink, F. Tomas, *S. Ziegler. 2021. Joint effects of patch edges and habitat degradation on faunal predation risk in a widespread marine foundation species. Ecology 102: e03316

*Giraldo-Ospina, A.G., L.B. Ladah, and K.A. Hovel. 2020. Changes in within-canopy environmental conditions and the population structure of the speckled scallop associated to localized loss of above-ground seagrass cover. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 534: 151486.

Whalen, M.A. et al. 2020. Climate drives the geography of marine consumption by changing predator communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117: 28160-28166; 66 total coauthors

*Hernán, G., M.J. Ortega, J. Henderson, J. Alos, K. Boyer, S. Cimon, V. Combes, M. Cusson, C. Hereu, M. Hessing-Lewis, K.A. Hovel, P. Jorgensen, S. Kiriakopolos, N. Kollars, M. O´Connor, J. Olsen, P.L. Reynolds, J. Ruesink, J. Terrados, E. Voigt, and F. Tomas. 2020. Influence of regional conditions on latitudinal patterns of plant defense traits in a marine foundation species. Global Ecology and Biogeography.

$ Jenkinson, R.S., K.A. Hovel, R.P. Dunn, M.S. Edwards. 2020. Biogeographical variation in the distribution, abundance, and interactions among key species on rocky reefs of the northeast Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series 648: 52-65.

$ Ledbetter, J. and K.A. Hovel. 2020. Effects of a habitat-modifying eelgrass epibiont on predator success and epifaunal survival. J. Experimental Biology and Ecology 526: 151333

$ Dunn R.P., and K.A. Hovel. 2020. Predator type influences the frequency of functional responses to prey in marine habitats. Biology Letters 16: 20190758.

$ Dunn, R.P. and K.A. Hovel. 2019. Experiments reveal limited top-down control of key herbivores in southern California kelp forests. Ecology 100(3):e02625.10.1002/ecy.2625

$ Dunn, R.P., A.H. Altieri, *K. Miller, *M.L. Yeager, and K.A. Hovel. 2018. Contrasting behavioral responses to predatory risk cues reflect different foraging strategies in two Caribbean sea urchins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 604: 187-198.

$ Voigt, E.P. and K.A. Hovel. 2018. Eelgrass structural complexity mediates mesograzer herbivory on epiphytic algae. Oecologia 189: 199-209.

*Röhr, M. E., M. Holmer, J.K. Baum, M.Björk, D. Chin, L. Chalifour, S. Cimon, M. Cusson, M. Dahl, D. Deyanova, J.E. Duffy, J.S. Eklöf, J.K. Geyer, J.N. Griffin, M. Gullstrom, C.M. Hereu, M. Hori, K.A. Hovel, A.R. Hughes, P. Jorgensen, S. Kiriakopolos, P.O. Moksnes, M. Nakaoka, M.I. O’Connor, B. Peterson, K. Reiss, P.L. Reynolds, F. Rossi, J. Ruesink, R. Santos, J.J. Stachowicz, F. Tomas, K.S. Lee, R.K.F. Unsworth, and C. Boström. 2018. Blue carbon storage capacity of temperate eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 32.

Freiwald, J., R. Myer, J. Caselle, C. Blanchette, K.A. Hovel, D. Neilson, J. Dugan, J. Alstatt, K. Nielsen, and J. Bursek. 2018. Citizen science monitoring of marine protected areas: case studies and recommendations for integration into monitoring programs. Marine Ecology 39:e12470.

Mahoney, R.D., M.D. Kenworthy, J.K. Geyer, K.A. Hovel, and F.J. Fodrie. 2018. Distribution and relative predation risk of nekton reveal complex edge effects within a temperate seagrass habitat. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 503: 52-59.

$ Dunn, R.P., M.L. Baskett, and K.A. Hovel. 2017. Interactive effects of predator and prey harvest on ecological resilience of rocky reefs. Ecological Applications 27: 1718-1730.

Reynolds, P.L., J.J. Stachowicz, K.A. Hovel, C. Boström, K. Boyer,  M. Cusson, J.S. Eklöf, F.G. Engel, A.H. Engelen, B.K. Eriksson, J. Fodrie, J.N. Griffin, C. Hereu, M. Hori, T. Hanley, M. Ivanov, P. Jorgensen, C. Kruschel, K.S. Lee, K. McGlathery, P.O. Moksnes, M. Nakaoka, F.T. Nash,  M.I. O’Connor, N. O’Connor, R.J. Orth, F. Rossi, J. Ruesink, E. Sotka, R.K.F. Unsworth, M.A. Whalen, and J. E. Duffy. 2017. Latitude, temperature and habitat complexity predict predation pressure in eelgrass across the Northern Hemisphere. Ecology 99: 29-35.

Ruesink, J.L., P.L. Reynolds, C. Boström, M. Cusson, J. Douglass, J. Eklöf, A. H. Engelen, M. Hori, K. Hovel, K. Iken, P.O. Moksnes, M. Nakaoka, M.I. O’Connor, J.L. Olsen, E.E. Sotka, J.J. Stachowicz, *M.A. Whalen, J.E. Duffy. In press. Global variation in form-function relationships in a marine foundation species and experimental tests of responses to multiple stressors. Oikos. DOI 10.1111/oik.04270

Hovel, K.A. and H.M. Regan. 2017. Using individual-based models to explore seascape ecology. In: Pittman, S.A. (ed.) Seascape Ecology. Wiley and Sons, Oxford, UK.

$ Yeager, M.E. and K.A. Hovel. 2017. Structural complexity and fish body size interactively affect habitat optimality. Oecologia DOI: 10.1007/s00442-017-3932-2

$ Dunn, R.P., A.H. Altieri, *K. Miller, *M.E. Yeager, and K.A. Hovel. 2017. Coral identity and structural complexity drive habitat associations and demographic processes for an increasingly important Caribbean herbivore. Marine Ecology Progress Series 577: 33-47.

$ Hovel, K.A., **A.M. Warneke, **S.P. Virtue-Hilborn, and **A.E. Sanchez. 2016. Mesopredator foraging success in eelgrass (Zostera marina L.): relative effects of epiphytes, shoot density, and prey abundance. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 474: 142-147.

$ Castorani, M.C.N. and K.A. Hovel. 2016. Native predator chemical cues induce anti-predation behaviors in an invasive marine bivalve. Biological Invasions 18: 169-181.

$ Harrington, A.C. and K.A. Hovel. 2016. Patterns of shelter use and their effects on the relative survival of subadult California spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus). Marine and Freshwater Research 67: 1153-1162.

$ Castorani, MCN and K.A. Hovel. 2015. Invasive prey indirectly increase predation on their native competitors. Ecology 96: 1911-1922.

$ Nichols, K.D., **L. Segui, and K.A. Hovel. 2015. Effects of predators on sea urchin density and habitat use in a southern California kelp forest. Marine Biology 162: 1227-1237.

Duffy, J.E., P.L. Reynolds, C. Boström, J.A. Coyer, M. Cusson, S. Donadi, J.G. Douglass, J. Eklöf, A. Engelen, B.K. Eriksson, S. Fredriksen, L. Gamfeldt, C. Gustafsson, G. Hoarau, M. Hori, K.A. Hovel, K. Iken, J.S. Lefcheck, P.O. Moksnes, M. Nakaoka, M.I. O’Connor, J.L. Olsen, J.P. Richardson, J.L. Ruesink, E.E. Sotka, J. Thormar, M.A. Whalen, and J.J. Stachowicz. 2015. Biodiversity mediates top-down control in eelgrass ecosystems: A global comparative-experimental approach. Ecology Letters 18: 696-705.

$ Castorani, MCN, K.A. Hovel, S.L. Williams, and M.L. Baskett. 2014. Disturbance facilitates the coexistence of antagonistic ecosystem engineers in California estuaries. Ecology 95: 2277-2288.

$ Coates, J.H., K.A. Hovel, J.L. Butler, and A.J. Bohonak. 2014. Recruitment and recovery of pink abalone (Haliotis corrugata) in a historically overexploited kelp forest: are local populations self-sustaining? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 460: 184-192

$ Coates, J.H., K.A. Hovel 2014. Incorporating movement and reproductive asynchrony in a simulation model of fertilization success for a marine broadcast spawner. Ecological Modelling 283: 8-18.

$ Coates, J.H., K.A. Hovel, J.L. Butler, A.P. Klimley, and S.G. Morgan. 2013. Movement of a broadcast spawning marine invertebrate:  implications for restoration strategy and population recovery of pink abalone (Haliotis corrugata). Marine Ecology Progress Series 486: 189-201.

$ Withy-Allen, K and K.A. Hovel. 2013. California spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus) movement behavior and habitat use: implications for the effectiveness of marine protected areas. Marine and Freshwater Research 64: 359-371.

Wahle, R.A., *C. Brown, and K.A. Hovel. 2013. The geography and body-size dependence of top-down forcing in New England’s lobster-groundfish interaction. Bulletin of Marine Science 89: 189-212.

$ Tait, K.J. and K.A. Hovel. 2012. Do predation risk and food availability modify prey and mesopredator microhabitat selection in eelgrass (Zostera marina) habitat? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 426: 60-67.

$ Lannin, R. and K.A. Hovel. 2011. Variable prey density modifies the effects of seagrass habitat structure on predator-prey interactions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 442: 59-70.

*Mizerek, T., H.M. Regan, and K.A. Hovel. 2011. Habitat loss and fragmentation levels determine optimal management of invertebrates in seagrass habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 427: 247-257.

$ Loflen, C.L. and K.A. Hovel. 2010. Behavioral responses to variable predation risk in the California spiny lobster Panulirus interruptusMarine Ecology Progress Series 420: 135-144.

$ Cheng, B.S. and K.A. Hovel. 2010. Biotic resistance to invasion along an estuarine gradient. Oecologia 164: 1049-1059.

Hovel, K.A. and R.A. Wahle. 2010. Effects of habitat patchiness on American lobster movement across a gradient of predation risk and shelter competition. Ecology 91: 1993-2002.

$ Moore, E.C. and K.A. Hovel. 2010. Relative influence of habitat complexity and proximity to patch edges on seagrass epifaunal communities. Oikos 119: 1299-1311.

$ Selgrath, J.C., K.A. Hovel, and R.A. Wahle. 2007. Effects of habitat edges on American lobster abundance and survival. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 353: 253-264.

Hovel, K.A. and H. M. Regan. 2007. Using an individual-based model to examine the roles of habitat fragmentation and behavior on predator-prey relationships in seagrass landscapes. Landscape Ecology DOI 10.1007/s10980-007-9148-9.

$ Mai, T.T. and K.A. Hovel. 2007. Influence of local-scale and landscape-scale habitat characteristics on California spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus) abundance and survival. Marine and Freshwater Research 58: 419-428.

$ Sirota, L. and K.A. Hovel. 2006. Eelgrass (Zostera marina) structural complexity: relative effects of shoot length, shoot density, and surface area on epifaunal community composition in San Diego Bay, California, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 326: 115-131.

$ Reed, B.J. and K.A. Hovel. 2006. Seagrass habitat disturbance: how loss and fragmentation of eelgrass (Zostera marina) influences epifaunal abundance and diversity in San Diego Bay, California, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 326: 133-143.

$ Kushner, R.B. and K.A. Hovel. 2006. Effects of native predators and eelgrass habitat structure on the introduced Asian mussel Musculista senhousia in Southern California.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 332: 166-177.

$ Healey, D. and K.A. Hovel. 2004. Seagrass patchiness influences epifaunal abundance and diversity in San Diego Bay, USA. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 313: 155-174.


Publications from earlier projects (before Dr. Hovel joined San Diego State University)

Hovel, K.A. and M.S. Fonseca. 2005. Influence of seagrass landscape structure on the juvenile blue crab habitat-survival function. Marine Ecology Progress Series 300: 179-191.


Hovel, K.A. 2003.  Habitat fragmentation in marine landscapes: relative effects of seagrass cover and configuration on juvenile crab survival in California and North Carolina seagrass beds. Biological Conservation 110: 401-412.


Hovel, K.A., M.S. Fonseca, D.L. Meyer, W.J. Kenworthy, and P.G. Whitfield. 2002. Effects of seagrass landscape structure, structural complexity and hydrodynamic regime on macrofaunal densities in North Carolina seagrass beds. Marine Ecology Progress Series 243: 11-24.


Hovel, K.A. and R.N. Lipcius. 2002. Effects of seagrass habitat fragmentation on juvenile blue crab survival and abundance. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 271: 75-98.


Hovel, K.A., A. Bartholomew and R.N. Lipcius. 2002.  Rapidly entrainable tidal vertical migrations in the salt marsh snail Littoraria irrorata. Estuaries 24: 808-816.


Hovel, K.A. and R.N. Lipcius. 2001. Habitat fragmentation in a seagrass landscape: patch size and complexity control blue crab survival. Ecology 82: 1814-1829.


Hovel, K.A. and S.G. Morgan. 1999.  Susceptibility of estuarine crab larvae to ultraviolet radiation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 237: 107-125.


Hovel, K.A. and S.G. Morgan. 1997.  Planktivory as a selective force for reproductive synchrony and larval migration. Marine Ecology Progress Series 157: 79-95.